LTE Bands Worldwide – The Ones That Matter

If you’re wondering whether the smartphone you bought (or the one you’re about to buy) will work with LTE in other countries, I regret to inform you that the LTE band situation is nothing less of a complete and total mess with 23 different bands used in countries throughout the world. To try to make sense of this mess, I’ve scoured through this list of LTE networks worldwide to come up with a smaller list, sorted by the bands themselves and where they’re used.

LTE Band # Frequency Blocks Non-U.S. Locations Used U.S. GSM Providers U.S. Non-GSM
1 2100   Angola, Japan, Philippines, S. Korea, Thailand
2 1900 Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic AT&T / T-Mobile
3 1800 Africa, S. America, Asia, Caribbean, Europe, Mid East, Oceania
4 1700 abcdef Central and South America AT&T / T-Mobile (def) Verizon (f)
5 850 S. Korea US Cellular
7 2600 South America, Asia, Europe, Mid East, Australia
8 900 South Korea, Czech, Sweden, Australia
11 1500 Japan only
12 700 ab Kiribati T-Mobile (a) US Cellular
13 700 c Bolivia Verizon
17 700 bc Caribbean AT&T
18 800 Japan only
19 800 Japan only
20 800 Africa, Tajikistan, Europe, Qatar
21 1500 Japan only
25 1900g Sprint only Sprint
26 800 Sprint only Sprint
28 700 Taiwan, Australia (Telstra, Optus)
38 2600 Uganda, Brazil, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Saudi Arabia
40 2300 Africa, Asia, Russia, Mid East, Australia, Vanuatu
41 2500 China, Japan Sprint
42 3500 Belgium, UK, Bahrain
43 3600 UK only

This gets us the list of 23 different LTE bands used worldwide. Now let’s narrow it down even further.  Note that for non-U.S. locations I’ve listed the continent when most or several countries within that continent make use of that band, and when only one or two countries within that continent use that band, I’ve listed those countries specifically.

Next, notice that several of the lines are greyed out. This is part of the weeding process. These are bands which are only used by one or two countries and thus deemed relatively non-essential — especially since your device may be inherently incompatible with those networks, i.e. there’s no way you’re going to get service with Sprint in the U.S. on your GSM-based smartphone. In other cases, since these bands are used by only one or two countries, there’s a good chance that finding a smartphone which supports those bands may be difficult in your home country (but at least armed with this information you can try).

First, let’s deal with the U.S. bands. There are 4 LTE bands that are used by the big GSM providers in the States:

  • Band 2 – 1900 MHz, used by AT&T and T-Mobile
  • Band 4 – 1700 MHz, used by AT&T and T-Mobile
  • Band 12 – 700 MHz, blocks ‘a’ and ‘b’ used by T-Mobile
  • Band 17 – 700 MHz, blocks ‘b’ and ‘c’ used by AT&T

Often phones are listed as supporting specific frequencies, so if your phone is listed as supporting LTE 700, we can perhaps assume that it works on both Band 12 and Band 17, but ultimately it’s best to check with the smartphone manufacturer directly. Keep in mind, some bands are used in specific regions, so missing a band may not affect you at all depending on where you are or where you’ll be. Unfortunately, finding out what bands are used where is no easy task, especially with LTE being constantly rolled out in new places.

Moving beyond the U.S., there are 3 LTE bands that are widely used throughout the world and should be considered essential if you hope to have LTE coverage while traveling internationally:

  • Band 3 – 1800 MHz, used in Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Caribbean, Europe, Middle East, Oceania
  • Band 7 – 2600 MHz, used in South America, Asia, Europe, Middle East, Australia
  • Band 20 – 800 MHz, used in Africa, Europe, Qatar

Additionally, there are 5 lesser-used bands that may be important to you, depending on your destination:

  • Band 1 – 2100 MHz, used in Angola, Japan, Philippines, South Korea, Thailand
  • Band 8 – 900 MHz, used in Australia, Czech Republic, South Korea, Sweden
  • Band 28 – 700 MHz, used in Australia and Taiwan
  • Band 38 – 2600 MHz, used in Brazil, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Uganda
  • Band 40 – 2300 MHz, used in Africa, Asia, Russia, Middle East, Australia, Vanuatu

As you can see, the LTE band situation is a mess, but at least we’ve narrowed it from 23 LTE bands down to 12, and hopefully this info can help you determine which bands are important for you. Many smartphones being sold today only support the 3 or 4 LTE bands used in the region where the device is being sold marketed, but some of the higher-end “flagship” devices will support more, so look to these devices if you want international LTE coverage.

Based on the list above, a device would need bands 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 17, 20, 28, 38, 40 to get LTE coverage in most countries.  To date I know of no smartphone that supports all those bands, but with the smartphone industry evolving at an incredibly fast pace, this could soon change.

Finally, keep in mind that if your smartphone lacks support for an LTE band you need, there’s a very good chance that it will still have 3G supports, and with 3G now being capable of speeds up to 42Mbps, you’ll still have access to fast data — even if not quite the lightening fast speeds you’re used to from LTE in your home country.

Any questions, feel free to leave them in the comments below.


The Most Affordable Prepaid Smartphone & Data Services in the U.S.

If you’re planning a trip to the U.S. or you’re a local wanting to avoid an expensive monthly plan, here are some of the best options for prepaid SIM cards in the U.S., including options for both voice and data plans, as well as data-only plans.

First things first: I’ll only be covering options which use either T-Mobile or AT&T’s networks, as they’re the only two national networks which use GSM, the standard used by the rest of the world and thus compatible with many more devices, including those of basically anyone visiting from overseas. For locals in the U.S., know that one of the big advantages of GSM is that it means you can buy any “unlocked” device and use it on either of these networks, or in most any country in the world, just by popping in a SIM card. In short, service is tied to the SIM card — not to the phone.

It gets more complicated when you add data into the picture. While T-Mobile and AT&T both use this same GSM standard and even the same GSM frequencies for 2G, they use different frequencies for 3G, so assuming you want high speed data, this means your device might be better suited for one network over the other. Here’s where it will help if you find out what 3G frequency bands your device supports:

  1. Go to
  2. Use the search box in the upper right to look up the model of your phone. If you’re not sure, look in “About phone” in settings if you’re using Android, or if your battery is removable, try looking under the battery for a model number. Or ask a tech-savvy friend.
  3. Once you find your phone on GSMArena, look in the section titled “3G Network”.
  • If the numbers listed include 1700, your phone is compatible with T-Mobile’s network.
  • If the numbers listed include 850 and 1900, your phone is compatible with AT&T’s network.

If you’re outside the U.S. and you only see 900 and 2100 under 3G Network, your phone won’t work on 3G in the US. However, if you look on the line that says 2G, it will probably say “GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900″. As long as it includes the numbers 850 and 1900, your phone will at least work on 2G — which means you can make calls and send texts no problem, but data access will be quite slow.

If your not sure what phone you have or can’t figure out what bands it supports, and you plan on using data, you may be best off going with a service that uses AT&T’s network, as the bands they use are generally more well supported on phone sold internationally than T-Mobile’s. You will, however pay more for it, so you may want to consider buying a cheap T-Mobile-branded smartphone (often under $100 these days) if you’ll be in the U.S. for an extended period.

A quick note on LTE (or “true 4G”): the frequency problem is such a mess that I won’t even get into it other than to say that if you bought an LTE-capable device outside of North America, you should assume it won’t work with the U.S. LTE frequences, so you’ll be on 3G or 2G (above). Some newer flagship models are exceptions.

Now, on to the services.


LycaMobile (T-Mobile network) – The cheapest option for “pay as you go”

LycaMobile is a virtual operator that uses the T-Mobile network for their service, and they’ve got the best rates out there if you don’t want to bother with any plans or packages. You buy credit which gets deducted on a per use basis.

  • Calls: 2c/min (outgoing and incoming) — Update: rumor has it that this will soon change to 5c/min
  • Texts: 4c/text — outgoing only (incoming texts are free)
  • Data: 6c/MB of data at up to 4G speeds


The cheapest recharge option is $10, and this credit will apparently never expire as long as you use the service once every 90 days, which is kind of a rare thing in the world of prepaid SIM cards (usually you have to add more money every so often).

As for getting the SIM card, you can get it “free” through their website, but they’d like to charge you a hefty shipping cost, which kind of kills the deal — especially when you can get a SIM card for as little as one cent ($.01) through Amazon with free shipping. If you have an iPhone 5 or newer iPhone, or any device which uses the tiny Nano-SIM cards, look here. Once you get the SIM just follow the activation procedure online for their “Pay As You Go” plan and then add some credit.

H2O Wireless (AT&T network) – The cheapest pay as you go option using AT&T

If your phone doesn’t support T-Mobile’s 3G bands, or if you’ll be outside of major metropolitan areas and you’re willing to pay extra for better coverage, virtual operator H20 Wireless uses AT&T network, which is widely recognized as having better coverage than T-Mobile when you’re away from populated areas. Their Pay As You Go plan offers the following rates:

  • Calls: 5c/minute (outgoing and incoming)
  • Texts: 5c/text (outgoing and incoming)
  • Data: 10c/MB


You can get these rates for as little as a $10 recharge, which will last you 90 days. You’ll need to recharge again before those 90 days are up to keep your account active. This outfit offers free shipping, but they charge $10 for the SIM card, so once again, Amazon to the rescue, having all SIM card sizes available for $.01 with free shipping.


T-Mobile $30/Month “Unlimited” Plan – 5 gigs of data and unlimited texts.

This offer isn’t well-advertised, but if you activate a new T-Mobile SIM using their website, you can select the following plan for just $30 a month:

  • Calls: 100 minutes/month (incoming and outgoing combined — 10c/minute if you go beyond 100 minutes)
  • Texts: Unlimited texting including internationally to “virtually anywhere” (Countries not included: Wallis and Fatuna, St. Helena. Hint: they’re tiny islands)
  • Data: 5GB of data at up to 4G speed. After 5GB you can continue using data, but at drastically reduced 2G speeds.


Obviously, it’s not so unlimited, especially if you need voice minutes. But if, like many smartphones users, you prefer to communicate through text and internet messaging, and can wait until you’re on Wi-Fi to do longer voice calls over Skype, Viber or another VOIP service, this is by far the best plan to get a large amount of data for your money.

You can order your SIM directly from T-Mobile’s website, but be sure to check the prices on Amazon, as they may be cheaper depending on whether T-Mobile is running a promotion or not (sometimes they sell SIM cards for $.01, instead of the usual $10).


H20 Wireless (AT&T) – Unlimited voice with 500MB. 

If you really need unlimited voice minutes, or you really need to be on AT&T’s network, I suggest you check out another option offered by H20 Wireless (mentioned above), their $30 Monthly Unlimited Plan.

  • Calls: Unlimited calls nationwide + $20 in international calling credit (check their site for rates)
  • Texts: Unlimited texting + send 100 international texts and receive unlimited
  • Data: 500MB (additional data can be purchased at $5/100MB through “Feature Card” add-ons)


As you can see, if you want cheap data, the previously mentioned T-Mobile offer is really where it’s at.



The options below are only for use with a tablet, USB modem, hotspot or laptop. They don’t include calling ability.

Red Pocket Mobile Internet – The best option using AT&T

If your tablet, USB modem or hotspot device is only compatible with AT&T’s 3G bands, this is the best option.

  • $10 gets you a SIM card (shipped free) which includes 512MB of data to start you out.
  • $10/1GB (4G speeds)
  • $30/3GB “unlimited” (reduced speeds after 3GB)
  • $50/5GB “unlimited” (reduced speeds after 5GB)
  • All of the above work on 30-day cycles.


You can order a SIM card here, but make sure you read about the other data options below. And if you want a good laugh, look at AT&T’s pricing for prepaid mobile broadband ($50 for 1GB).

T-Mobile Free 200MB/Month for Tablets (Data Only) – You can’t beat free.

T-Mobile made a bold move with this offer: if you have a qualifying tablet (iPad, Nexus 7, Galaxy Tab are on the list) which supports mobile broadband through a SIM card (i.e. not a “Wi-Fi only” device), you can get 200MB a month absolutely free through T-Mobile as part of their Free Data For Life promotion. Simply get a T-Mobile SIM card, insert it into your tablet, open the browser and follow the instructions. You shouldn’t have to pay a dime — unless you want to go above 200MB, of course.

  • Data: 200MB/every 30 days (free)


If do use up that 200MB within your 30-day cycle, you’ll be prompted to buy an On Demand Pass: currently $10 for a 500MB day pass, $15 for a 1GB 7-day pass, and $30 for a 3GB 30-day pass.

T-Mobile sometimes has promotions where you can get a SIM card for $1 or less on their website, otherwise the cost is $10 (free shipping in either case). As such, this is really only a deal if you can get a SIM card for cheap during one of their promotions, or you’re in the U.S. long-term. Since it seems you may need a specific type of SIM for this promotion, I’d stick to ordering directly from T-Mobile on this one.


T-Mobile Monthly Data Pass – The cheapest for big data.

If you just want gigs of data at the best price possible, T-Mobile has the best options by far.

  • $10/1GB
  • $20/3GB
  • $30/5GB
  • $50/7GB
  • $60/9GB
  • $70/11GB
  • $80/13GB


All the above are monthly passes which will auto-renew unless you cancel.

If you don’t have a T-Mobile compatible device, it might be worth buying a T-Mobile compatible mobile hotspot just to have access to their service (and these rates). If you’re someone who travels internationally, I can personally recommend the T-Mobile Sonic 4G Huawei UMG587 (not to be confused with a similar looking T-Mobile Sonic 4G made by ZTE), a device which supports all five bands of 3.9G spectrum, which means it will work in any country in the world (quite a rarity as far as hotspots go) at up to 42Mbps.


Final Tips

Regardless of which option you go with, here are some quick tips to keep your data use to a minimum, possibly allowing you to get by with one of the cheaper plans.

  • Avoid using any music or video streaming services, such as Spotify or Youtube, while on the go.
  • Disable any options for apps to update automatically (often this can be set to update over Wi-Fi only).
  • Use the pre-cache function in Google Maps to download map data over Wi-Fi before you need it.
  • Keep mobile data turned off when you aren’t actively using it. Note that this may prevent updates of email and messaging services from coming in, since the device won’t have an internet connection (assuming you’re not on Wi-Fi). If this is a problem for you, you may only want to disable data when you’re asleep.
  • If you have an Android phone, use Llama to automatically configure when and where your mobile data is active.

Have a question? Feel free to ask in the comments below.


The GaiaGeek Packlist

If you bring everything on this list, you’re doing it wrong. Some things you obviously need — some might just be fun to have if you have the extra space in your bag. This list will forever be a work in progress. Feel free to add your own suggestions in the comments.

Absolute Essentials – You won’t make it far without these.

  • Passport (with visa if the country you’re going to requires one)
  • Photocopy of your passport (write a few emergency contact numbers on the back side)
  • Driver’s License / Photo ID
  • ATM & Credit Cards – Be wary of international transaction fees imposed by your bank.
  • Insurance Cards
  • $100 (or Euro) bill for emergency use only – Kept in a separate part of your wallet or elsewhere hidden.
  • Contact Lenses and case and/or glasses
  • Clothes for the plane – Dress in layers. Wear your jeans if you’re bringing them and other heavy or bulky items that will reduce your luggage weight or size.
  • Health-essential items, i.e. prescription medications, insulin if you’re diabetic, Epipen if you’re allergic to stings, etc.

Luggage – Name, address and contact info on the inside and outside of each bag.

  • Carry-On Backpack – All valuables should go in here when on the move.
  • Full-size Travel Backpack – Assuming you plan to check a bag.
  • Day Pack – Goes inside or piggybacks onto your full-size backpack.
  • PacSafe Travelsafe – For keeping your valuables secured in your room.
  • Packing Cubes – Some people swear by them. (I don’t.)
  • Compression Bags – Helpful for compressible  items like fleece, not so much for anything else.
  • Bag Locks – TSA certified. Or just use zip-ties. Never put anything of value in a bag that will be out of your sight.
  • Money Belt – Keep your passport on you at all times, at least while flying. Alternatively, look at arm wallets, leg wallets and shoulder wallets.
  • Compact Umbrella – Kept in one of the external pockets of your backpack.
  • Zip-Lock Bags – Useful for keeping things dry inside your bag.
  • Dry Bag – If you’ll be traveling on boats and there’s a chance your gear could take an unexpected dip.

Geek Gear – All such items should generally go in your carry-on bag or on your person, to avoid theft.

  • Smartphone – Phone, camera, video player, music player, web browser, GPS…
  • Laptop / Netbook / Chromebook – If you need to get any work done while traveling, something with a physical keyboard is pretty much essential. Plus the larger screen can be nice for watching movies if you’re stuck in bed on a rainy day.
  • Tablet – Personally, if I’m going to carry extra weight I’d rather have a laptop, but maybe you’re a tablet person.
  • Kindle / eReader – If you plan on doing your reading by the beach or around the pool.
  • Digital Camera – If your smartphone camera just doesn’t cut it for you.
  • Mini-Tripod – If you want to get artsy with your camera.
  • Travel Router / Repeater – Useful for creating a hotspot or passing on weak Wi-Fi signal. Choose one runs on USB power so your phone charger can do double duty.
  • MP3 Player – A small, clip-on MP3 player can be great for the plane or the beach, and less of a concern if you lose it.
  • Chargers – For all the above. Try to stick with gadgets that charge via USB, so you only have to bring 1 or 2 chargers.
  • Power Cables – For all the above. Aim for double duty cords for USB-powered devices. I tend to go with one micro-USB cable that’s long enough to charge my phone or Kindle while using it, and one very short cable (to save on weight) for charging and as a backup.
  • Noise-Isolating In-Ear Earphones – They block out sound on flights, don’t require batteries, and can double as earplugs.
  • Airplane Headphone Adapter – So you can use your earphones with the airplanes in-flight entertainment system.
  • Headphone Splitter – So you and your travel buddy can enjoy the music or movie.
  • Travel Speaker – Great for tunes at the beach.
  • LED Flashlight – Get a bright one that runs on a single AA or AAA battery.
  • USB Battery Charger – If you’re bringing devices that run on AA or AAA batteries.
  • Watch (with alarm) or Travel Alarm Clock- If you don’t trust your smartphone’s alarm clock.
  • Extension Cord – A short one, for those inconveniently placed outlets. Get one with a 3-way splitter on the end.
  • Surge Protector – Essential in developing countries with unstable electricity.
  • Plug Adapters – Assuming you’re headed to a country with different electrical sockets.
  • Memory Card Reader – To transfer photos from your camera to your laptop, if it doesn’t have one built in.
  • USB Flash Drive – In case you can’t backup your photos and videos online.
  • Spare Battery / External Battery – For your digital camera or smartphone, in case you have to go a couple days without electricity.

Daily Necessities – Things that I’ve found I need every day.

  • Sunglasses – Best bought from a reputable source so you can be sure they block 100% of UV rays.
  • Padlock – For your room or locker in hostels or budget resorts. If keyed, get one where the key has to be in the lock when locking it to prevent locking yourself out. Avoid common circular-dial combination locks which are easy to defeat.
  • Keychain LED Flashlight – Because you never know when the power might go out in a place like India.
  • Sarong – A thin piece of cloth about the size of an over-sized bath towel. Functions as a towel, a beach blanket, a scarf and even an outfit if you’re a female (or a daring male).

Regional Necessities – Things you may want if you’re going to a developing country.

  • SteriPEN UV Water Purifier – Purify water right from the tap.
  • Mosquito Net
  • Anti-malaria Medication
  • Toilet Paper – Not a “given” in countries like India, so you may want to bring half a roll in case your bathroom doesn’t have any. You can generally still buy it locally if you’re in an area frequented by tourists.
  • Swim Goggles
  • Dive Mask – If you like to snorkel but have trouble finding a dive mask that fits your face, consider bringing your own.

Footwear – Shoes are often big and heavy. Ideally you only want to travel with two pairs: one on your feet, one in the bag.

  • All-Purpose Shoes – Try to find shoes that are both comfortable to walk in and will look acceptable going to a nicer restaurant.
  • Shoe Inserts – For better arch support.
  • Hot-Weather / Beach Shoes – Sandals, flip-flops (a.k.a. thongs in some countries), Sanuks.


  • Functional Pajama Pants – ones that can also be worn for other activities, i.e. yoga.
  • Pants / Jeans – Ideally with deep front pockets so that items are harder to pick. Never put anything valuable in your back pockets.
  • Shorts – Again, ideally with deep front pockets.
  • T-Shirts / Tank Tops – For warm climates, of course.
  • Long-sleeve Tops – I prefer zip-up track jackets to quickly adapt to changes in temperature.
  • Socks – Try merino wool socks from Smartwool or Darn Tough for great socks that don’t stink.
  • Underwear – Keeping in mind that packing space is at a premium (and that applies to both girls and guys).
  • Swim Trunks / Bikini – Whatever you wear when you take a dip.
  • Belt – There are money belts that look and function like actual belts, if you want to have a secret money stash.
  • Hat / Cap – For sun and wind protection.
  • Ultralight Windproof and Waterproof Jacket – If there’s a chance you’ll encounter cold, wet weather, a thin jacket that can keep the wind off of you and keep you dry can be a life-saver.

Clothing – Female Specific

  • Bras
  • Dresses / Skirts
  • Jewelry – The less, and the less expensive, the better.

Cold Climates

  • Winter Jacket – You should be able to wear this on the plane, so you don’t have to pack it. Get a compressible one that goes in a stuff sack if you’ll be traveling in a range of climates.
  • Cap / Beanie / Hat – In cold weather, a lot of heat is lost through your head.
  • Lightweight Gloves
  • Long Underwear – Could double as pajama bottoms.
  • Scarf – Or something that can be used as a scarf, like a sarong.

Toiletries – Keep in mind that most of these items can be purchased locally if you want to save on pack weight.

  • Insect Repellent – Free free to bring your “natural” stuff, but be prepared to buy some stuff with DEET locally if it doesn’t work. Look into permethrin for your treating your clothing and treat key items before your trip.
  • Sunscreen – Even just a small bottle so you’re prepared for your first day of sun until you can buy a big bottle. Note that in remote areas of tropical countries where only tourists buy it, sunscreen can be exorbitantly priced.
  • Toothbrush and Toothpaste – Easy to find and often cheaper in developing countries.
  • Dental Floss – Also useful for repairing gear.
  • Comb / Folding Brush
  • Hair Product – Pomade, forming cream, etc. Keep in mind the humidity if you’re going to the tropics.
  • Soap – Kept in a travel container. Body wash is heavier and not necessarily better for your skin if you buy a quality bar of soap.
  • Shampoo / Conditioner – Put into travel size bottles. You may only need half as much conditioner as shampoo.
  • Nail Clippers – If you’ll be gone more than a week. Can also be used to cut string and open bags.
  • Shaving Razor – And enough replacement cartridges for the duration of your travels.
  • Shaving Cream / Gel / Oil – If you insist, but I get by using only soap lather in the shower.
  • Lip Balm
  • Spare Contact Lenses
  • Contact Lens Solution – Plus an extra contact lens case.
  • Cotton Swabs – a.k.a. Q-Tips
  • Condoms or other contraceptives

Toiletries – For The Ladies

  • Make-up, make-up remover, make-up removal pads – Think minimal.
  • Nail polish, nail polish remover, nail file – I’d highly encourage you to leave this at home or buy it locally.
  • Tampons or a Moon Cup
  • Pregnancy Test Kit

Handy Extras

  • Swiss Army Knife or Multi-Tool – Some people can’t leave home without one, but they’re heavy and a target for thieves in your checked bag — and you can’t bring it carry-on because of the knife. If you bring one, keep it small, light and cheap. 
  • Utility Cord – For hanging hand-washed clothes out to dry.
  • Pillow Case – For a laundry bag which can double as a pillow in a pinch.
  • Silk Travel Sheet / Sleeping Sack – When sleeping in budget accommodation in the tropics, it may be all you need.
  • Pen – Black or blue ink. Other colors may arouse scorn from immigration officials.
  • Plastic Spoon – Especially if you’re the type to buy yogurt from a local grocery store for a snack.
  • Travel Guidebook – Generally I prefer doing my research online in advance and taking notes.
  • Rubber Doorstop – For some added security to keep the door closed.
  • Micro Compass – Because smartphones don’t always work, and finding north is tricky when it’s cloudy.
  • Sewing Kit with Safety Pins – For light repairs.
  • Small First-Aid Kit – Band-aids, disposable thermometers, Tylenol, Aleve, Imodium AD.
  • Small Survival Kit – Fishing line, fish hooks, duct tape.

Fun Extras

  • A Paperback Book – It never needs charging, it won’t break, and you can probably trade for another book.
  • Frisbee (a.k.a. flying disc) – A regular item in my beach bag. Standard 12-inch discs are a bit cumbersome for travel, so consider something smaller.
  • Hacky Sack (a.k.a. footbag)
  • Cards – Note that card playing can be illegal in some countries.
  • Chess Board (Travel-Sized) – Arguably the most popular and well-known board game in the world.
  • Journal – For jotting down thoughts.
  • Canadian Flag Bag Patch – If you’re Canadian (or an American preferring to appear as a Canadian).
  • Vegemite – If you’re Australian.


The Best Portable Wi-Fi Router / Repeater

A portable Wi-Fi router can be a very handy thing to have when traveling. If you happen to get a room that has a poor Wi-Fi signal, a portable router will allow you to create a wireless access point right in your room from the Ethernet cable provided for internet access — assuming there is one. In more budget accommodations, the chances of getting a room with its own Ethernet connection are pretty slim, and this is where it becomes crucial that your travel router also works as a repeater.

A Wi-Fi repeater does as its name suggests: it picks up a Wi-Fi signal and repeats it, passing the original connection on to your other devices. So, if that room you’re staying in has no Ethernet cable and poor Wi-Fi reception, having a repeater can mean the difference between standing by the window to check your email and doing so from the comfort of your cozy holiday bed.

By using a smartphone app such as Wifi Analyzer you can walk around the room to find Wi-Fi sweet spots — i.e. that spot by the window or the door that actually gets a decent signal from the Wi-Fi network provided by your hotel or guest house. Once you find a suitable sweet spot, it’s just a matter of setting up the repeater to connect to that network, which will in turn rebroadcast it to your laptop, tablet or smartphone.

While there are quite a few portable Wi-Fi routers on the market suitable for travel, I’ve weeded through the options and chosen the products mentioned below for these specific reasons:

  • They each have a repeater mode
  • They’re very compact (travel-size, of course)
  • They have a power cord rather than plugging directly into the wall (to allow better positioning for that sweet spot)
  • Each uses a MicroUSB port for power (so you can use your smartphone power adapter to serve double-duty and save weight)

ASUS WL-330N Portable Wireless Router

Described as a 5-in-1 portable router, this little guy is just 3.5 x 1.5 x 0.5 inches (90 x 38.9 x 12.8 mm). It comes with a USB power supply, MicroUSB cable, Ethernet cable and CD (which you probably don’t need) and is back by a 2-year warranty. If you’re geeky enough and you don’t mind voiding the warranty, you can install OpenWrt alternative firmware on it for even more functionality.

TP-LINK TL-WR702N Wireless N150 Travel Router

You’ve may not have heard of TP-Link, as they’re an up-and-coming manufacturer of networking products, but they’ve developed a good reputation for providing excellent bang-for-the-buck networking gear. Measuring just 2.2  x 2.2 x 0.7 inches (56 x 56 x 18 mm), this can do all the same things as the Asus router above for approximately half the price. Power adapter, MicroUSB cable and Ethernet cable are included, and it’s also backed by a 2-year warranty.

Note that with either of these gadgets, some familiarity with routers and networking is needed in order to set them up, so if this is uncharted territory for you, I recommend learning how to set it up while you’re still at home with a good internet connection before taking it on the road and trying to set it up in the wild. As a bonus, you’ll then be able to use your new portable router as a repeater within your own home if you have any dead spots where your main router doesn’t quite reach.

Can’t Load Gmail on your Kindle?

If you have an E-Ink version of the Kindle, such as the Kindle Touch or Kindle Keyboard (formerly known as the Kindle 3), and you occasionally use the built-in “experimental” browser to check your Gmail, you may want to see if you can still load the Gmail website. It seems that Google that has recently made some changes to the mobile version of it’s Gmail page which the Kindle’s browser doesn’t like.

In your Kindle’s web browser, go to the URL If it fails to load and you end up with an error message like the one shown below, look for a link beneath the error message that reads “Older version” and click that.

Below: Screenshot of the Gmail error

Gmail should load up fine with this older version, but if you’re still having problems, try reseting your Kindle from the main settings menu or by holding the power slider switch for 15 seconds.

Free Wi-Fi at Select U.S. Airports through Skype

Skype is giving the gift of free Wi-Fi at various U.S. airports from December 21st until December 27th. The list of airports isn’t very long, but it looks like it covers some of the major U.S. hubs (Chicago O’Hare, Denver, San Francisco) so if you’re between flights during your holiday travels, you can at least hop online for free with your laptop if you need to.

To access the free Wi-Fi, you’ll need the latest version of Skype on your laptop or the Skype Wi-Fi app for your iOS device (iPhone, iPad). No mention of Android devices, unfortunately.

Flashlights for Travel: Ultra Light and Ultra Bright

One item which should definitely be on your pack list, especially if you’re headed to a country like India where power outages can occur almost daily, is a flashlight. Even if the power is working fine, you may need a flashlight to light your path after the sun goes down.

If you haven’t bought a flashlight in years, you should know that LED lights have truly revolutionized the flashlight industry, allowing manufacturers to build flashlights that pump out mind-blowing levels of light in incredibly small packages which can withstand much more abuse than flashlights of old.

With small size, high performance and a budget in mind, here are four great options to light up your life on the road.

Bright Bargains: Generic 22,000 MCD Keychain LED Flashlights

These keyring LED flashlights are very small, yet bright enough to illuminate a dark path on your walk home. The operation is simple: you squeeze the light to turn it on momentarily, or if you need it on for longer, just flick the switch to keep it on. At under $10 for a 10-pack you can carry extras to use as backups or to give to people you meet along the way, as these make great little gifts. Each light will likely last you a year with regular use on the included batteries, and probably longer. For the price of new batteries you may as well just buy new lights (though if you’d rather replace the batteries, these run on two CR2016 coin cells).

Note that 22,000 MCD (milli-candela) refers to one means of measuring light output, so if you see similar cheap keychain LED lights which don’t mention this, they may not be as bright.

Photon Freedom Micro Keychain LED Flashlight

If it seems to you that this light (pictured above) looks incredibly similar to the cheap keychain lights, that’s because the Photon lights are the keychain LED lights which many other manufacturers have tried to imitate. Such imitations are also known as “fauxtons” by flashlight enthusiasts for this very reason (a play on “photon” – “faux” meaning “fake” in French, for those who don’t know). While the fauxtons may resemble the Photons in appearance, there’s a huge difference in features and quality.

First and foremost, the Photon Freedom has a microcircuit built into it which allows a range of lighting options which include:

  • Variable brightness ranging from very low to full brightness – useful if the full power is too bright, or if you just want to preserve the battery
  • A slow flashing “beacon” mode where the light flashes once every 5 seconds
  • A medium flashing mode where the light flashes twice per second
  • A fast strobe-light mode
  • An S.O.S. flashing mode (S.O.S being the internationally-recognized emergency distress signal)

The lights are water resistant and feature gold-plated contacts for corrosion resistance. Each light comes with a quick-release key ring (very handy when you need to remove the light from your keys), a necklace attachment to allow you to wear the light around your neck, and a hands-free clip which can be used to clip the light to the brim of your cap or onto your bicycle (and it’s even magnetic if you need to attach the light to something metallic). All lights are made in the U.S.A. and come with a lifetime warranty from the manufacturer.

There’s also a variety of beam color options including every color of the rainbow. White is definitely the brightest light and the best choice for lighting a path, but I can personally recommend the red light as a small but effective rear bike light (used in the medium flashing mode) and the yellow light for a warm reading light.

In terms of brightness, the Photon Freedom and the cheaper generic 22,000 MCD keychain lights are about the same. The Photon Freedom may be brighter with new batteries, but this edge soon fades and in the long run I’d say the brightness levels of the two lights are about the same.

The white light will give you 10 to 12 hours of run-time at full brightness with the included batteries, which means it will likely last you at least a year even with regular use. The red, orange and yellow version of the light will last much longer, around 120 hours, because they use different batteries. When it comes time to replace the batteries, Photon Freedoms use two CR2016 batteries, with the exception the red, orange and yellow lights, which use one CR2032 battery. Because the cheaper “fauxton” keychain lights above use the same CR2016 batteries, you can salvage a pair from one of those lights if you need to, although note that the batteries that come with the fauxton lights won’t last as long as the name-brand Energizer batteries that come with the Photon Freedom.

The white Photon Freedom runs around $12 shipped from Amazon.

The Generic Cheapies vs. the Photon Freedom – which to get?

Given that you can get 10 of the generic keychain lights for less than cost of a single Photon Freedom, you may be wondering whether it’s worth it to get the Photon Freedom. If you must choose between one or the other, I suggest getting a 10-pack of the generic 22,000MCD lights. They’re an excellent value for the money and you’ll be covered for flashlights for yourself with extras to spare as gifts. If after owning one of the cheaper keychain lights for awhile you find yourself dreaming of the ability adjust brightness levels, use it as a strobe light or take it through the rain without worry, then consider upgrading to a Photon Freedom. If the extra money isn’t a big deal to you and you love gadgets, I recommend buying both right from the start. You won’t be disappointed.

Something Brighter: iTP A3 EOS 3-Mode AAA Flashlight

The incredibly small lights above are very capable for lighting up areas within 20 feet (6 meters), but if you want a flashlight that can really throw light up and off your path, check out the iTP A3 EOS. It’s rated at a whopping 80 lumens of output despite being about the size of your pinky finger and running on a single AAA battery. Since you may have no idea how bright 80 lumens is, let me put it another way: when you turn this thing on at full power in a dark room, your reaction will probably be something along the lines of “Holy s***! How does something this small put out that much light?” If you’ve ever used a MagLite Solitaire, the well-known flashlight brand’s single AAA flashlight, this light will make you fully realize how LED flashlights are leaps and bounds ahead of the old filament bulb flashlights (and it might make you wonder how MagLite can still be selling those lights given how pathetically inferior they now are in comparison).

The iTP A3 EOS comes in both a single-mode version and a 3-mode version. With the single-mode version, twisting the lens cap turns the flashlight on or off – plain and simple. With the 3-mode version, you can switch between brightness levels of low, medium or high by turning the flashlight briefly off and back on again. Unless this sounds complicated to you, I definitely recommend the 3-mode version, as it’s nice to be able to switch to the low mode for using the light close up (i.e. looking at a cut on your finger in the dark where the high mode would be blindingly bright), the medium mode for walking at night but preserving battery, and the high mode for when you need that extra light to make sure you’re not being tracked by man-eating tigers (or whatever scary animals lurk at night around your travel destination).

It’s made from aircraft grade aluminum, and given this and it’s small size, it’s so light you won’t even notice it in your pocket or clipped to your belt. The light will last for about 1 hour on high power, 4 hours on medium power, and a whopping 50 hours on low. It can run on a regular AAA alkaline battery or a NiMH rechargeable.

The best part? It’s only about $23 shipped. Talk about bang for your buck. (Of course if money is no object, you can always get the titanium version.)

The Brightest AAA Flashlight: Fenix LD01 3-Mode Flashlight

Someone always wants to know what the brightest light out there is. Well, this is the brightest flashlight (at the time of writing) that runs on a single AAA battery. It’s rated at 85 lumens of light on maximum – suggesting only a slight advantage over the iTP EOS A3 on paper, but real world testing suggests that the difference is more significant (yet another case of manufacturer ratings not matching up with real world results). Fenix is a well-known and reputable brand in the world of LED flashlights. This light is made of aircraft-grade aluminum and has the added benefit of being waterproof to IPX8 standards, which means it can survive being immersed in water beyond 1 meter in depth.

The LD01 will run for 1 hour on high, 3.5 hours on medium power, and 11 hours on low (it’s low setting is set at a level significantly brighter than the iTP EOS A3’s is, hence the shorter runtime). It’s backed by a 2-year manufacturer warranty. It’s available for about $40 shipped – not as cheap as the iTP EOS A3, but if you want the brightest AAA flashlight out there, this is it.

Don’t Forget the Batteries

For either of the AAA flashlights mentioned above, regular alkaline batteries won’t last as long, so I recommend using a good NiMH rechargeable AAA battery, such as one of the Sanyo Eneloop AAA batteries. And don’t forget a good travel charger if you plan on charging your batteries on the road (the USB charger listed there weighs next to nothing).

Have fun – and try not to stare directly into your new flashlight (I know you will).